European TV (PAL and SECAM coded) uses Y'U'V' components. Y' is similar to perceived luminance, U' and V' carry the colour information and some luminance information and are bipolar (they go negative as well as positive). The symbols U and V here are not related to the U and V of CIE YUV (1960).
This coding is also used in some 525 line systems with PAL subcarriers, particularly in parts of the Americas. The specification here is that of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Y' has a bandwidth of 5 MHz in Europe, 5.5 MHz in UK. The U' and V' signals usually have up to 2.5 MHz bandwidth in a component studio system, but can be as little as 600 kHz or less in a VHS recorder. U' and V' always have the same bandwidth as each other. The CRT gamma law is assumed to be 2.8, but camera correction laws are the same as in all other systems (approximately 0.45). The system white point is D65, the chromaticity coordinates are:
R: xr=0.64 yr=0.33 G: xg=0.29 yg=0.60 B: xb=0.15 yb=0.06 White: xn=0.312713 yn=0.329016The conversion equations for linear signals are:-
X = 0.431*R + 0.342*G + 0.178*B Y = 0.222*R + 0.707*G + 0.071*B Z = 0.020*R + 0.130*G + 0.939*B
R = 3.063*X - 1.393*Y - 0.476*Z G =-0.969*X + 1.876*Y + 0.042*Z B = 0.068*X - 0.229*Y + 1.069*Zthe coding equations for non-linear signals are:
Y'= 0.299*R' + 0.587*G' + 0.114*B' U'= 0.493*(B' - Y') =-0.147*R' - 0.289*G' + 0.436*B' V'= 0.877*(R' - Y') = 0.615*R' - 0.515*G' - 0.100*B'
R'= Y' + 0.000*U' + 1.140*V' G'= Y' - 0.396*U' - 0.581*V' B'= Y' + 2.029*U' + 0.000*V'The conversion equations between linear 709 RGB signals (see later) and EBU RGB signals are:
Re= 0.9578*R7 + 0.0422*G7 + 0.0000*B7 Ge= 0.0000*R7 + 1.0000*G7 + 0.0000*B7 Be= 0.0000*R7 + 0.0118*G7 + 0.9882*B7
R7= 1.0440*Re - 0.0440*Ge + 0.0000*Be G7= 0.0000*Re + 1.0000*Ge + 0.0000*Be B7= 0.0000*Re - 0.0119*Ge + 1.0119*Be